The Biggest Seed I Ever Planted


 Seed Memories

It’s seed starting time — and by now, I should have flats of impatiens and petunias and geraniums planted in my Long Island potting shed, with dahlias, cosmos, and gazanias scheduled for the weeks ahead.  But as I’ve said in previous posts, this is a season of a different kind — in so many ways.

For starters, I’m away from the potting shed.  Instead, I have south Florida — and as my northern garden and gardening friends have shivered and shoveled during this winter’s harshness, south Florida has enjoyed exceptional warmth.  By northern standards, it feels like summer.

And so I find myself caught between a rock and a hard place, or rather, between my usual pre-spring rituals in the northland and what I’m told is the approaching “end” of the growing season in the southland.  (Extreme heat and humidity are not kind to many vegetables and flowers.)

Nevertheless, there is the urge to recognize the miracle that is a seed — so much promise locked up inside, just waiting to emerge — and I can think of no other way to celebrate seeds than with the biggest seed I’ve ever planted, the seed of Cocos nucifera — better known as the coconut.

Coconut Sprout

Coconut Sprout

In my south Florida yard there are 17 coconut palms of various heights and maturities.  What this really means is that Joe is cuckoo for coconuts — and if he had his way, he would gladly plant coconuts throughout south Florida — a Johnny Appleseed for the subtropics.  Or, as we like to joke, “Joey Coconuts.”

It also means that in addition to garden pests and weeds, I also have to be aware that at any moment I could be hit on the noggin with a coconut falling from a tree — especially since Joe and I are both convinced that my head seems to have its own gravitational pull.

Still, it’s a nice feeling to witness a seed’s sprouting without the need of a magnifying glass — especially when that seed is as important as the coconut.

According to Dr. T. Ombrello, a biology professor at Union County College, the coconut palm is considered to be one of the most useful trees in the world.  Parts of the tree can be converted into roofing, fencing, alcohol, shoes, soil amendments, mulch, and so much more.  In fact, a recent study indicated 360 uses for the tree, half of which were for food.  Even Marco Polo had something to say when he first came across this tree: “One of these nuts is a meal for a man, both meat and drink.”

The first step is to determine if the coconut, which more than likely fell from a tree, is viable for planting.  If a simple shake results in a sloshing sound from inside the coconut, then there is a very good chance that that coconut will sprout.

Coconut Sprout 2

And when it comes to coconut planting, nothing could be easier to handle.  Simply dig a shallow hole and place the coconut so that three-quarters of it can be buried, either horizontally or vertically.  Add heat and moisture and more heat.  It can even be covered with sawdust to really turn up the heat.

In time — and this could mean months — a tender green shoot will be strong enough to break through the coconut’s hard shell and a tap root will descend into the earth.  Eventually, the new palm will look like this.

It's amazing to see a blade of green slice through the tough coconut shell as if it were soft butter.

Coconut Palm Sprout

Joey Coconuts' work paid off -- behold the fruits of his labor.

When a coconut palm is about five years old, it begins to produce both male and female flowers.  The pistillate, or female, flowers, are large and spherical.  The staminate, or male, flowers are smaller.  Initially, the flowers are hidden by a sheath.  When the sheath begins to split, it seems to resemble a corn husk.

Coconut Palm Sheath

Coconut Palm Sheath 2

Within a day, the cream-colored flower branches, or inflorescence, have emerged — and bees love it!

Inflorescence Yellow

As the inflorescence is exposed to sunlight, it turns a vibrant green.

Inflorescence Green

Don’t be fooled by the frail-looking flower branch.  Eventually, it will hold the weight of a whole lot of coconuts.  In the course of a year, each coconut palm tree can produce between 25 and 75 coconuts — that’s a lot of potential seeds.

What a lovely bunch of coconuts, courtesy of Cocos nucifera.

Coconut palms may not be for everyone.  They can be somewhat labor intensive — primarily because of the damage potential to a car —  or a head — that might be beneath the coconut’s canopy.  As a result, homeowners either self-cut or hire professionals to remove the coconuts before they have a chance to drop.

I guess it’s like they always say: Sometimes you feel like a nut; sometimes you don’t.

About these ads

37 responses to this post.

  1. Love this! So happy to be reading your tropical posts! Spring can’t get here soon enough.

    Reply

    • Hi Mario. I can’t imagine how you and the nursery have been coping with this winter. I’m sending warm thoughts your way — and if spring doesn’t come to you, you can come to it. It’s a plane away. Be well and be warm!

      Reply

  2. That is very cool!

    Reply

    • Thanks! I’m always amazed to see the so-called “tender” greenery slice through the coconut’s hard shell as if it were butter. Incredible!

      Reply

  3. While growing up in Hawaii on a military base, we had a coconut tree right out my bedroom window! I used to ( as the tomboy came out of me) climb that tree every chance I could . I know I have photos somewhere that my dad took of me acting totally goofy! Thanks for the memories!!!! Glad you are warm too!

    Reply

  4. The coconut palm is really a beautiful tree. We have so many palm varieties growing in Southern California, but a coconut palm is not one of them. When we once visited Florida I was fascinated with them, and smuggled a coconut home on the plane–that tells you it was a while ago. I can imagine a little conflict in having so many trees, Kevin. They’re really spectacular, but I can see what a hazard they’d be. Your photographs are really outstanding in their detail. I really didn’t think about the humidity being a deterrent to a longer growing season. I thought it acted like a greenhouse and that you could grow pretty much year-round. It is going to be interesting to see how you make this all work for you so that you can keep your fingers dirty all summer long. :-)

    Reply

    • Hi Debra! There are some plants — like coconut palms — that can grow all year long. The high humidity and heat, though, can take its toll on other plants — just picture how many annuals look at the end of northern summer — wiped out, mildewed, wilted. It’s a whole new way of thinking down here.

      Reply

  5. “Joey Coconuts.” :)
    A very different kind of gardening for us northern hemisphere folk. I’m wondering how rapid is their growth per year?

    Reply

    • CLAIRE! The coconut palm has a slow start. After its first year, the leaves take on the classic pinnate shape. After about five years, there is a short trunk and very long fronds, giving the effect of a green fountain. As fronds age, they brown and fall from the tree — thus creating a bit of trunk. By the way, fronds on a mature palm can measure 15′ or more. This growth process happens year-round. In addition, the coconut palm is able to produce nuts year-round. A very cool plant for a hot climate. :)

      Reply

  6. I love coconut tree’s !! when we were in Costa Rica on holiday I saw coconut tree’s everywhere, we also ate some and they were so different from the ones we can buy here, they were sweet and moist and the flesh was so soft, here there is almost no milk in them and the flesh is really hard. Have fun over there !

    Reply

  7. Posted by Valery on March 5, 2014 at 4:24 pm

    Have you ever sprouted a green coconut

    Reply

    • Hi Valery. If I understand your question . . . the green coconut isn’t ripe enough. With time, it becomes a brown coconut. Beneath the hard brown shell is the more fibrous nut that is so familiar. When planting, the whole brown coconut goes three-quarters in the ground, either horizontally or vertically. Hope this helps — and thanks for the question.

      Reply

  8. Posted by The Editors of Garden Variety on March 6, 2014 at 9:54 am

    Awesome-very informative!

    Reply

  9. Great stuff. Will not be able to get them growing here in Blighty but interesting stuff. Cheers. D.

    Reply

  10. BEAUTIFULLY written, Kevin, and as always “news to me!” Your photos = OMG!!! –K

    Reply

  11. So awesome to see a sprouting coconut! My husband’s grandparents in India have coconut trees, and they get a guy to climb them and get them to eat. It’s a little nerve wracking to watch – the guy just scurries up the tree, barefoot (no ladder or ropes!) and throws the coconuts down (hopefully avoiding anything important)! So very delicious!

    Reply

    • How cool is that?!? Every so often, someone drives down the street and offers to climb up and cut down the coconuts. I just worry about liability if the climber falls. For now, I’ll wait for the nuts to fall to me. :)

      Reply

  12. Cool post, I think everything down there is cool! (except maybe the poisonous biting stuff). I’m always bummed out that all the coconuts are trimmed for safety. I guess it’s important, but I think ripe coconuts hanging everywhere would be icing on the cake.
    What are Joe’s feelings on bananas? I’m a fan :)

    Reply

    • Hi Bittster. Glad you liked the post — but never mind about the poisonous biting stuff, even some of the most beautiful plants are deadly toxic. As for bananas, Joe and I are on the same page — tasty, beautiful flower, and tropical to look at — but messy! They grow like a weed down here and can take over. I’ll enjoy looking at them in my neighbor’s yard — but I’ll also remain vigilant for sprouts that appear on my side of the fence.

      Reply

  13. Love it! I want one for the conservatory.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 3,345 other followers

%d bloggers like this: